Biographical Information [PHOTO]

Grace Francis Thorpe

No Ten O Quah (Wind Woman)

Until 1991 Grace Thorpe, the daughter of legendary Olympic athlete Jim Thorpe, enjoyed a pleasant, low-key retirement, doing what she calls "typical grandmother stuff."

Then she read as alarming newspaper story. It explained that 17 American Indian tribes - including her own, Oklahoma's Sac and Fox nation - had applied for $100,000 grants from the Department of Energy to consider their reservations as sites for nuclear-waste storage.

Sac and Fox leaders told her that their tribes "could use the money." But Thorpe, a longtime activist on behalf of Native Americans, feared exploitation. Radioactive waste, she explains, "is the most lethal poison known tn the history of man." The prospect of a "monitored retrievable storage" (MRS) facility on what little remains of her ancestral land seemed unthinkable.

After going door to door with petitions, she and other tribal members brought the issue to a vote. Members defeated the plan, even though it could bring millions of dollars a year to any reservation chosen as an MRS site.

When other groups heard about her tribe's withdrawal from consideration as an MRS site, she quickly became a sought-after speaker and tireless activist.

"Environmentsl racism" has become a term to describe an egregious form of exploitation - the placement of everything from garbage and sludge to high-level and low-level toxic waste in the backyards of people who are perceived as too poor, too weak, or too passive to protest and resist. The attempt to use Indian reservations as MRS sites has also been called "radioactive colonialism" and "economic blackmail." Thorpe adds another phrase to the lexicon of discrimination: "environmental injustice."

By her example she refutes the typical excuses - such as a lack of money, resources, or knowledge - that often keep ordinary citizens from supporting (or opposing) a particular cause. She lives modestly on Social security, sharing a house with her daughter. Her office equipment was donated. And until she began researching nuclear issues she knew nothing about the subject.

Her knowledge in now considerable. Her goal for radioactive waste is three-pronged: "Leave it where it is. Secure it. Stop producing it. It doesn't make sense to produce something you can't safely dispose of." Instead, she proposes putting money in alternative energy sources - hydroelectricity, solar power, and wind power.

Calling herself a catalyst, Thorpe says, Unless tribes had someone like me out there to organize against MRS, they might have gone through with it. Fortunately, in cases like this, there is some old Indian lady like me who's pretty tough.

At a time when Americans reportedly feel angry at government and helpless about seemingly insoluble national problems, people like Grace Thorpe illustrate the ability of a single individual to effect change. Her brand od grass-roots lobbying points up the need for more "big windy women" (and men) of all ages who are willing to be "pretty tough" in giving voice to the voiceless and power to the powerless. They can make a difference.

The Christian Science Monitor

EXPERIENCES: WAC in WWII, worked with the National Congress of American Indians and the U.S. Sub-Committee on Indians Affairs, is Health Commissioner: Sac and Fox Nation, Tribal Court Judge: Sac and Fox Nation, member of the Board of DIrectors of Nuclear Information and Resource Service, on Greenpeace American Indian Advisory Committee, member of Military Production Network, Presidential Delegate to the 1995 White House Conference on Aging, President: NECONA, Lecturer: "Jim Thorpe-World's Greatest Athlete" and "No Nuclear Waste On Indian Lands."

PUBLICATIONS: "The Jim Thorpe Family History" 1981
Chronicles of Oklahoma, Oklahoma Historical Society